Research that supports our advice

The information on this website and in the accompanying booklet is based on the research from New Zealand and around the world. This page lists some key references.

Physical activity

Abbott J, Robertson M, Chapple C, Pinto D, Wright A, de la Barra SL, Baxter G, Theis J-C, Campbell A, team MT: Manual therapy, exercise therapy, or both, in addition to usual care, for osteoarthritis of the hip or knee: a randomized controlled trial. 1: clinical effectiveness. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2013, 21(4):525-534.

Fransen M, McConnell S, Harmer AR, Van der Esch M, Simic M, Bennell KL: Exercise for osteoarthritis of the knee. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015, 1:Cd004376.

Juhl C, Christensen R, Roos EM, Zhang W, Lund H: Impact of Exercise Type and Dose on Pain and Disability in Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Regression Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Arthritis Rheum 2014, 66(3):622-636.

Lo GH, Vinod S, Richard MJ, Harkey MS, McAlindon TE, Kriska AM, et al. Association Between Walking for Exercise and Symptomatic and Structural Progression in Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: Data From the Osteoarthritis Initiative Cohort. Arthritis & Rheumatology. 2022;74(10):1660-7.

Manninen P, Riihimaki H, Heliovaara M, Suomalainen O: Physical exercise and risk of severe knee osteoarthritis requiring arthroplasty. Rheumatology 2001, 40(4):432-437. 

Nelson AE, Allen KD, Golightly YM, Goode AP, Jordan JM: A systematic review of recommendations and guidelines for the management of osteoarthritis: The Chronic Osteoarthritis Management Initiative of the US Bone and Joint Initiative. In: Semin Arthritis Rheum: 2014: Elsevier; 2014: 701-712.

Roddy E, Zhang W, Doherty M, Arden N, Barlow J, Birrell F, Carr A, Chakravarty K, Dickson J, Hay E: Evidence-based recommendations for the role of exercise in the management of osteoarthritis of the hip or knee—the MOVE consensus. Rheumatology 2005, 44(1):67-73